Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

Analysis of Newborn Hearing Screening Test Results of Children with Down Syndrome

1.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Konya City Hospital, Konya, Turkey

2.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Health Sciences Turkey, Konya Health Application and Research Center, Konya, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2021; 56: 458-462
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2021.21056
Read: 112 Downloads: 43 Published: 01 September 2021

Aim: The aim of this study was to analyze newborn hearing screening test results of children with Down syndrome (DS).

Methods: The files of 84 children with DS and 84 healthy children (control group) admitted to the Pediatrics Polyclinics of the Konya Training and Research Hospital between January 2017 and June 2020 were retrospectively reviewed.

Results: Thirty-one of the 84 babies with DS were female (36.9%), and 53 were male (63.1%); 37 of the 84 babies in the control group were female (44%), and and 47 were male (56%) (P = .346). Fortty-eight (57.1%) of the 84 babies with DS and 17 (20.2%) of the 84 babies in the control group failed the first screening test (P < .001). It was determined that 24 (50%) of the 48 infants with DS who failed the first test also failed the second test and were referred, and all 17 infants in the control group who failed the first test passed the second test (P < .001). There was no significant difference in terms of birth weight, gestational week, and maternal age between infants with DS who failed and passed after the second screening test (P > .05 for all).

Conclusion: Our study shows that birth weight, gestational age, and maternal age do not pose an additional risk for hearing loss in DS babies who do not have known risk factors for hearing loss.

Cite this article as: Yüksel F, Uğur C. Analysis of newborn hearing screening test results of children with down syndrome. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2021; 56(5): 458-462.

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