Turkish Archives of Pediatrics

Editor-in Chief
Özgür Kasapçopur
Department of Pediatric Rheumatology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-1125-7720

Deputy Editors
Nur Canpolat
Department of Pediatric Nephrology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3420-9756      

Ayşe Çiğdem Aktuğlu Zeybek
Department of Pediatric Nutrition and Metabolism, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7256-0750

Associate Editors
Yelda Bilginer
Department of Paediatric Rheumatology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-6232-0072

Tuğba Erener Ercan
Department of Pediatric Neonatology, Maltepe University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-8944-0659

Ömer Erdeve
Department of Pediatric Neonatology, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
[email protected] 
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3193-0812

Olcay Evliyaoğlu
Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4851-8637

Bülent Kara
Department of Pediatric Neurology, Kocaeli University Faculty of Medicine, Kocaeli, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3780-6596

Ertuğrul Kıykım
Department of Pediatric Nutrition and Metabolism, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected] 
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5170-5594

Ayça Kıykım
Department of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected] 
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5821-3963

Editorial Assistant
Amra Adroviç
Department of Pediatric Rheumatology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2400-6955

Kenan Barut
Department of Pediatric Rheumatology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-8459-2872

Ömer Faruk Beşer
Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-1927-7256

Sezgin Şahin
Department of Pediatric Rheumatology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-5365-3457

Süheyla Ocak
Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7479-7444

Tanyel Zubarioğlu
Department of Pediatric Nutrition and Metabolism, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-7159-4008

Social Media Editors
Seha Saygılı
Department of Pediatric Nephrology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2424-6959

Mehmet Yıldız
Department of Pediatric Rheumatology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-7834-4909

Statistical Editors
Ethem Erginöz
Department of Public Health, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2338-4014  

Statistical Editors Assistant
Hazal Cansu Acar
Department of Public Health, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9244-3818

Beril Kara Esen
Department of Public Health, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5296-0001

Ayşenur Özdil
Department of Public Health, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4114-0830

Betül Zehra Pirdal
Department of Public Health, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-0127-9296

Ferdane Şeyma Toplu
Department of Public Health, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-0075-182X

Editorial Board
Betül Acunaş 
Trakya University Faculty of Medicine, Edirne, Turkey

Figen Akalın 
Marmara University Pendik Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey 

Mübeccel Akdiş
University of Zurich, Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research, Davos, Switzerland

Cezmi A. Akdiş
University of Zurich, Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research, Davos, Switzerland

Mustafa Akçam 
Süleyman Demirel University Faculty of Medicine, Isparta, Turkey

Cem Akın
University of Michigan Medical School, Michigan, USA

Hilmi Apak
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Moshe Arditi
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, USA

İlknur Arslanoğlu 
Düzce University Faculty of Medicine, Düzce, Turkey  

Reha Artan
Akdeniz University Faculty of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey

Zehra Aycan
Yıldırım Beyazıt University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Cumhur Aydemir
Bülent Ecevit University Faculty of Medicine, Zonguldak, Turkey

Deniz Aygün
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Fatih Aygün
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Aysun Karabay Bayazıt
Çukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey

Serpil Uğur Baysal
Dokuz Eylül University Faculty of Medicine,  İzmir, Turkey

Perran Boran
Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Özcan Bör
Osmangazi University Faculty of Medicine, Eskişehir, Turkey

Cengiz Candan
İstanbul Medeniyet University Göztepe Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

Tiraje Celkan
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Salim Çalışkan
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Agop Çıtak
Atakent Acıbadem Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

Çağlar Çıtak
Mersin University Shool of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey

Ergin Çiftçi 
Ankara University Faculty of Medicine,  Ankara, Turkey

Onur Çil 
University of California, San Francisco, USA

Haluk Çokuğraş
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Aliye Fügen Çokuğraş
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Reyhan Dedeoğlu
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Demet Demirkol
İstanbul University İstanbul Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Orhan Derman
Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Yaşar Doğan
Fırat University Faculty of Medicine, Elazığ, Turkey

Oğuz Dursun 
Akdeniz University Faculty of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey

Jochen H. Ehrich
Hannover Medical School Children’s Hospital, Hannover, Germany

Çiğdem El
Mustafa Kemal University Faculty of Medicine, Hatay, Turkey

Haluk Emir
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculy of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Oya Ercan 
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Hacer Ergin
Pamukkale University Faculty of Medicine, Denizli, Turkey

Tülay Erkan
Altunizade Acıbadem Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

Ayşe Güler Eroğlu
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Andreas Gerber-Grote
Zurich University of Applied Sciences, School of HealthProfessions, Winterthur, Switzerland

Ida Giardino
Foggia University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Medical Laboratory, Research Center, Foggia, Italy

Serhat Güler
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Emel Gür
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine,  İstanbul, Turkey

Metin Kaya Gürgöze
Fırat University Faculty of Medicine, Elazığ, Turkey  

Frédéric Gottrand
Hópital J de Flandre CHRU de Lille, Lille, France

Olivier Goulet 
Hópital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, France

Şükrü Hatun
Koç University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Hilary Hoey
The University of Dublin Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland

Erdal İnce 
Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Soner Sertan Kara
Adnan Menderes University Faculty of Medicine, Aydın, Turkey

Metin Karaböcüoğlu 
Memorial Şişli Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

Serap Karaman
İstanbul University İstanbul Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Rejin Kebudi
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Ayse Ayzıt Kılınç
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Birgül Kirel
Eskişehir Osmangazi University Faculty of Medicine, Eskişehir, Turkey

Berthold Koletzko
Münih Ludwig-Maximilians University, Dr. Von Hauner Children’s Hospital, Munich, Germany

Korgun Koral
The University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, USA

Feyza Umay Koç
Ege University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey

Nilgün Köksal 
Uludağ University Faculty of Medicine, Bursa, Turkey

Tufan Kutlu
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Zafer Kurugöl
Ege University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey

Massimo Pettoello-Mantovani
University of Foggia, Pediatric Research Center, Foggia, Italy

Neslihan Mungan
Çukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey

Manuel Moya
Pediatric Department at the University Miguel Hernandez in Alicante, Spain

Leyla Seymurovna Namazova-Baranova
Federal State Budgetary Institution, Scientific Centre of Children’s Health, Moscow, Russia

Banu Nur
Akdeniz University Faculty of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey

Fatih Özaltın
Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Ahmet Oğuzhan Özen
Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey

Alp Özkan
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Funda Öztunç
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Yıldız Perk 
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Mustafa Özgür Pirgon
Süleyman Demirel University Faculty of Medicine, Isparta, Turkey

Luis Rajmil
Pediatrician and Epidemiology and Public Health Specialist, Barcelona, Spain

Nima Rezaei
Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Nigar Sadiyeva
Azerbaijan Medical University, Azerbaijan

Sema Saltık
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Nihat Sapan
Uludağ University Faculty of Medicine, Bursa, Turkey

Mehmet Satar
Çukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey

Eylem Ulaş Saz
Ege University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey

Ayşe Selimoğlu
Memorial Ataşehir Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

Lale Sever
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Eli Somekh
Tel-Aviv University, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv, Israel; Wolfson Medical Center, Holon, Israel

Velat Şen
Dicle University Faculty of Medicine, Diyarbakır, Turkey

Esra Şevketoğlu
Bakırköy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training & Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

Ela Tarakçı
Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Health Sciences, İstanbul, Turkey

Münevver Türkmen 
Adnan Menderes University Faculty of Medicine,  Aydın, Turkey

Beyhan Tüysüz 
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Nafiye Urgancı 
Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

Orhan Uzun
Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom 

Emin Ünüvar
Okan University Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

Mehmet Vural 
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Raşit Vural Yağcı
Ege University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey

Sıddıka Songül Yalçın
Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Hasan Yüksel
Celal Bayar University Faculty of Medicine, Manisa, Turkey

Francesco Zulian
University of Padua, Padua, Italy

Osman Bülent Zülfikar
İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey



Publisher
İbrahim KARA
 
Publications Director
Ali ŞAHİN
 
Editorial Development
Gizem KAYAN TEKAÜT
  
Deputy Publications Director
Gökhan ÇİMEN
 
Publication Coordinators
İrem SOYSAL
Arzu YILDIRIM
Deniz KAYA
Bahar ALBAYRAK
Gamze BİLGEN
Irmak BERBEROĞLU
Ebru BOZ

Finance and Administration
Zeynep YAKIŞIRER ÜREN

Project Coordinators
Sinem Fehime KOZ
Doğan ORUÇ
Emre KARA
 
Graphics Department
Ünal ÖZER
Deniz Elif DURAN

 

EISSN 2757-6256