Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

Venovenous Versus Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome


Division of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatric Intensive Care, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey


Department of Pediatrics, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey


Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey


Division of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2023; 58: 600-606
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2023.23025
Read: 871 Downloads: 226 Published: 06 October 2023

Objective: This study aimed to compare the efficacy, complication, and mortality of patients who were supported by venovenous (VV) extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and venoarterial (VA) ECMO for pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS).

Materials and Methods: This study is a single-center, retrospective cohort study between 2014 and 2022. We evaluated to indication of ECMO support, ECMO type, patients’ demographic features, complications, and children's outcomes supported by ECMO for PARDS.

Results: Twenty-two patients with PARDS, 12 (54%) with VV, and 10 (46%) with VA ECMO were selected. The median number of days to be intubated before ECMO cannulation was 5 (0-16) days. The distribution of intubated days before the patients underwent ECMO was as follows: 0-1 days, 7 (31.8%) patients; 2-3 days, 2 (9.1%) patients; 4-7 days, 7 (31.8%) patients; 8-14 days, 5 (22.8%) patients; >14 days, 1 (4.5%) patient. The median ECMO cannulation day after admission to the pediatric intensive care unit was 3 (range, 1-9) days in the VV ECMO patient group, whereas it was 8 (range, 0-19) days in the VA ECMO group (P = .02). Considering hospital survival, 4 (45%) patients who underwent double-lumen VV ECMO, 1 (33%) patient who underwent VV ECMO, and 3 (30%) patients who supported by VAECMO survived. There was no difference between the groups in terms of hospital discharge rates.

Conclusion: The highest survival rate was found in the VV ECMO patient group established with double-lumen cannulas, similar to the literature. There was no difference in mortality between the groups whose intubation time before ECMO was 14 days or less.

Cite this article as: Kahveci F, Karaçoban G, Çelik NA, et al. Venovenous versus venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: Pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2023;58(6):600-606.

EISSN 2757-6256