Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

Unmet Needs of Children with Inherited Metabolic Disorders in the COVID-19 Pandemic

1.

Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics Division, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

2.

Pediatric Metabolism Division, Department of Pediatrics Division, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2022; 57: 335-341
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2022.21367
Read: 83 Downloads: 36 Published: 30 April 2022

Objective: Crucial information is lacking on unmet needs of children with rare inherited metabolic disorders during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic from low- and middle-income countries. We aimed to identify the unmet needs of children with rare inherited metabolic disorders from Turkey.

Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional observational design, all children with rare inherited metabolic disorders aged 0-18 years followed at Ankara University School of Medicine Department of Pediatrics Pediatric Metabolism Division were recruited and interviewed via phone calls. The Expanded Guide for Monitoring Child Development enabled assessment of unmet needs and environmental context during coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. Step-wise logistic regression analysis was used to determine independent factors associated with unmet needs.

Results: The sample comprised 229 children (54.1% boys) with rare inherited metabolic disorders (36.7% diet-dependent disorders). Most common diagnoses were amino acid metabolism disorders (40.2%). Of all, 29.3% of the mothers reported depression, 25.3% loss of job of family members during the pandemic. All children had unmet needs: at least 73.0% in health care, 96.8% in education, 78.3% in special services/rehabilitation. Having significant developmental delay and/or disability (odds ratio = 2.31, 95% CI: 1.14-4.67) emerged as the only independent factor associated with unmet needs in health care.

Conclusion: Children with rare inherited metabolic disorders and their families in Turkey experience unmet needs in many domains during coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. Urgent action is needed to address the unmet needs of children with rare inherited metabolic disorders, especially those who has significant developmental delays and/or disabilities for this pandemic and possible future crisis.

Cite this article as: Özalp Akın E, Tuba Eminoğlu F, Doğulu N, et al. Unmet needs of children with inherited metabolic disorders in the COVID-19 pandemic. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2022;57(3):335-341.

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