Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

Radiation Dose Reduction in Congenital Heart Disease Patients During Cardiac Catheterization by a Novel Protocol


Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul Saglik Bilimleri University, Istanbul, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2021; 56: 332-338
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2021.20068
Read: 1032 Downloads: 352 Published: 01 July 2021

Objective: Cardiac catheterization remains a major source of radiation exposure for patients with congenital heart disease. This study reports the magnitude of radiation with a 3.75 frame per second (fps) pulse fluoroscopy rate and compares the reduction with the previous 15 fps protocol during cardiac catheterization for pediatric and adult congenital heart disease.

Material and Methods: All diagnostic and interventional cardiac catheterization procedures from a single tertiary center were analyzed from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2015, one year before and after implementing lower starting pulse fluoroscopy rates. The radiation dose was quantified as air kerma dose (mGy) and dose-area product (DAP; μGy/m2). Radiation exposure was analyzed for diagnostic and interventional procedures; the diagnostic group was subdivided into cyanotic and acyanotic patients, whereas the interventional group was subdivided according to the most common indications.

Results: A total of 786 procedures were analyzed. The median fluoroscopy times and contrast amounts did not show a statistically significant difference between both periods (487 vs. 456 seconds and 42.5 vs. 45.3 cm3). The median air kerma for all procedures showed an 88% reduction after implementing lower pulse fluoroscopy rates (340-41 mGy). The doses were reduced significantly for diagnostic and interventional angiograms from 470 mGy and 162 mGy to 40 mGy and154 mGy. Among all patient groups, the most striking decrease was observed in the diagnostic procedures we use, of which fluoroscopy is more prominent than cine angiography.

Conclusion: We claim that novel radiation dose reduction protocols could be easily applied without increasing fluoroscopy time or losing image quality.

Cite this article as: Gokalp S, Tanidir I, Ozturk E, Ergul Y, Guzeltas A. Radiation dose reduction in congenital heart disease patients during cardiac catheterization by a novel protocol. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2021; 56(4): 332-338.

EISSN 2757-6256