Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

Interhospital Aircraft/Ground Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Transportation by a Mobile Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Team: First Turkish Pediatric Case Series

1.

Division of Pediatric Intensive Care, Department of Pediatrics, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

2.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

3.

Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2022; 57: 656-660
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2022.22068
Read: 104 Downloads: 34 Published: 01 November 2022

Objective: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is a life-saving treatment for patients with circulatory and respiratory failure refractory to standard therapy. However, safe and timely patient transport to the referral extracorporeal membrane oxygenation center is critical for better patient outcomes in patients with acute cardiogenic shock. This study aimed to describe children’s features who were transferred to our center under extracorporeal membrane oxygenation by aircraft/ground vehicle and demonstrated the importance of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation for transported children.

Materials and Methods: We report the first Turkish pediatric case series of patients with acute cardiogenic shock transported by aircraft and ground ambulances on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support to a referral extracorporeal membrane oxygenation center between January 2016 and January 2021.

Results: Overall, 6 patients on venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support were transported by aircraft and ground vehicles to our pediatric intensive care unit. Transport was achieved by fixed-wing aircraft in 5 patients and commercial aircraft in 1. Our mobile extracorporeal membrane oxygenation team cannulated 3 patients, and 3 patients were cannulated by the team at the hospital they applied to. The median age was 112 (range: 14-204) months and the median weight was 28.6 kg (range: 8.6-57.2 kg). The etiology of acute cardiogenic shock was fulminant myocarditis in 4 patients, dilated cardiomyopathy in 1, and transposition of great arteries and atrial flutter in 1. The median distance of travel for the patients to our hospital was 618 (407-955) km. No adverse events were detected during aircraft or ground vehicle transport.

Conclusion: Mobile pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation transport teams may provide safe aircraft and ground vehicle transportation in high-risk patients with acute cardiogenic shock bridging to survival or long-term circulatory support.

Cite this article as: Kendirli T, Kahveci F, Özcan S, et al. Interhospital aircraft/ground extracorporeal membrane oxygenation transportation by a mobile extracorporeal membrane oxygenation team: First turkish pediatric case series. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2022;57(6):656-660.

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