Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

Evaluation of Children with Acute Rheumatic Fever: A Single-Center Experience

1.

Department of Pediatrics, Dicle University Medical Faculty, Diyarbakır, Turkey

2.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Dicle University Hospital, Diyarbakır, Turkey

3.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Gazi Yaşargil Hospital, Diyarbakır, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2022; 57: 26-31
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2021.21064
Read: 130 Downloads: 56 Published: 29 December 2021

Objective: The epidemiological characteristics, risk factors, complications, recurrence status, clinical and laboratory features, and treatment methods of the patients who admitted to our Pediatric Cardiology Outpatient Clinic with a pre-diagnosis of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) were evaluated.

Materials and Methods: The data of 166 patients who admitted with a pre-diagnosis of ARF and were diagnosed with ARF, and the data of 51 patients who were not diagnosed with ARF, were retrospectively analyzed.

Results: The patients with ARF were between the ages of 5 and 18. Most of the patients with ARF attack admitted in December (15.6%), January (13.8%), and February (13.2%). The most common complaints of the patients diagnosed with ARF were isolated joint pain and/or swelling, at 50.6%. While 91.5% of the patients were diagnosed for the first time, 8.5% had ARF recurrence. It was seen that the most common major criterion was carditis (94.6%). The severity of valve regurgitation and the rates of monoarthritis were significantly higher in patients with recurrence (P < .05). Non-compliance with prophylaxis was observed in 10 (71.4%) of 14 patients with recurrence, and in 43 (28.2%) of 152 patients without recurrence. Anti-streptolysin O was lower (P = .021) and alanine transaminase (ALT) was higher (P = .019) in the recurrence group.

Conclusion: Our study showed that in patients with a pre-diagnosis of ARF, a differential diagnosis should be made with other diseases. Especially in patients with joint complaints as the only major symptom, a differential diagnosis should be made. ARF recurrence is associated with non-compliance with prophylaxis, and both the severity of valve regurgitation and monoarthritis rates are higher in patients who develop recurrence. Alanine aminotransferase is significantly higher in patients with ARF recurrence. 

Cite this article as: Güneş A, Akın A, Türe M, Balık H, bilici M, Gül Ö. Evaluation of children with acute rheumatic fever: A single-center experience. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2022;57(1):26-31.

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