Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Review

Cystinuria: An Overview of Diagnosis and Medical Management

1.

Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA

Turk Arch Pediatr 2022; 57: 377-384
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2022.22105
Read: 253 Downloads: 173 Published: 01 July 2022

Cystinuria is a genetic disorder that causes recurrent nephrolithiasis. It is the most common type of monogenic stone disease accounting for 6%-8% of pediatric nephrolithiasis. Due to recurrent episodes of nephrolithiasis, it is associated with a very high prevalence of chronic kidney disease. Life-long medical treatment to reduce stone formation is critical in preventing chronic kidney disease and renal failure in cystinuria. In this article, we provide an overview of cystinuria with a special emphasis on medical treatment options including new agents such as alpha-lipoic acid.

Cite this article as: Sadiq S, Cil O. Cystinuria: An overview of diagnosis and medical management. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2022;57(4):377-384.

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