Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Original Article

Association Between Umbilical Cord Levels of Glypican-1, Glypican-3, Syndecan-1, WISP1, Leptin and Birth Weight of Small, Appropriate, and Large for Gestational Age Infants

1.

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Aydın Adnan Menderes University, School of Medicine, Aydın, Turkey

2.

Department of Biochemistry, Aydın Adnan Menderes University, School of Medicine, Aydın, Turkey

3.

Department of Pediatrics, Aydın Adnan Menderes University, School of Medicine, Aydın, Turkey

4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aydın Adnan Menderes University, School of Medicine, Aydın, Turkey

5.

Division of Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, Aydın Adnan Menderes University, School of Medicine, Aydın, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2022; 57: 61-67
DOI: 10.5152/TurkArchPediatr.2021.21225
Read: 74 Downloads: 32 Published: 29 December 2021

Background: Many factors are affecting intrauterine growth. The role of Wingless-type (Wnt) inducible signaling pathway protein-1 (WISP1), a novel adipokine and placental proteoglycans in intrauterine growth, is not known. We aimed to measure umbilical cord blood levels of glucose, insulin, leptin, WISP1, and placental proteoglycans [glypican-1 (GPC1), glypican-3 (GPC3), and syndecan-1 (SDC1)] which are thought to have an important role in fetal growth and investigate their relation with birth weight.

Methods: Full-term neonates were included in this prospective, cross-sectional study and classified as appropriate for gestational age (AGA), small for gestational age (SGA), and large for gestational age (LGA) according to their birth weight. Umbilical cord blood levels of glucose, insulin, leptin, WISP1, GPC1, GPC3, and SDC1 were measured.

Results: Leptin levels were higher in LGA newborns compared to AGA and SGA newborns, while WISP1, GPC1, GPC3, and SDC1 levels were not different between the three groups. Leptin and GPC1 levels were higher in infants of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus compared to infants of non-diabetic mothers, while WISP1, GPC3, and SDC1 were not different between the groups. Leptin was positively correlated with insulin, birth weight, and maternal weight. While there was a strong correlation between the WISP1, GPC1, GPC3, and SDC1 levels; there was no correlation between the birth weight, maternal weight, glucose, insulin, and WISP1, GPC1, GPC3, and SDC1 levels.

Conclusion: Umbilical cord blood levels of GPC1, GPC3, SDC1, and WISP1 were not different between SGA, AGA, and LGA infants. The significance of serum levels of these adipokines and proteoglycans remains to be elucidated. 

Cite this article as: Anık A, Çevik Ö, Öztürk S, et al. Association between umbilical cord levels of glypican-1, glypican-3, syndecan-1, WISP1, leptin and birth weight of small, appropriate and large for gestational age infants. Turk Arch Pediatr. 2022;57(1):61-67.

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