Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
Case Report

A case of prohormone convertase deficiency diagnosed with type 2 diabetes

1.

Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, University of Health Science, Dr. Sami Ulus Obstetrics and Gynecology, Children’s Health and Disease Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

2.

Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, University of Health Science, Keçiören Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Turk Arch Pediatr 2021; 56: 81-84
DOI: 10.14744/TurkPediatriArs.2020.36459
Read: 34 Downloads: 23 Published: 30 December 2020

Prohormone convertase 1/3, encoded by the proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 1 gene, is essential for processing prohormones; therefore, its deficiency is characterized by a deficiency of variable levels in all hormone systems. Although a case of postprandial hypoglycemia has been previously reported in the literature, prohormone convertase insufficiency with type 2 diabetes mellitus has not yet been reported. Our case, a 14-year-old girl, was referred due to excess weight gain. She was diagnosed as having type 2 diabetes mellitus based on laboratory test results. Prohormone convertase deficiency was considered due to the history of resistant diarrhea during the infancy period and her rapid weight gain. Proinsulin level was measured as >700 pmol/L(3.60-22) during diagnosis. In genetic analysis, a c.685G> T(p.V229F) homozygous mutation in the PCSK1 gene was detected and this has not been reported in relation to this disorder. In conclusion, patients with recurrent resistant diarrhea during infancy followed by rapid weight gain need to be evaluated with the diagnosis of prohormone convertase deficiency.

Cite this article as: Karacan Küçükali G, Savaş Erdeve Ş, Çetinkaya S, Keskin M, Buluş AD, Aycan Z. A case of prohormone convertase deficiency diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Turk Arch Pediatr 2021; 56(1): 81-4.

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